Palestinian refugees in West Bank fear UNRWA closure

By Yosri Al Jamal

JERUSALEM (Reuters) -In refugee camps in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, Palestinians relying on the U.N. agency UNRWA for schooling and healthcare fear key services will stop as donors have paused funding over accusations staff members took part in Hamas’ Oct. 7 attack.

Most of the focus on the fate of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian refugees has been on its emergency operations in war-devastated Gaza where it is critical to an aid effort for the enclave’s 2.3 million inhabitants.

But the agency is also a lifeline for Palestinian refugees across the Middle East, including in the West Bank where it serves more than 870,000 people, running 96 schools and 43 primary healthcare facilities.

“If they cut off aid from UNRWA, there will be no help of any kind for residents, especially in refugee camps because they rely on UNRWA,” said Mohammad al-Masri, a resident of Dheisheh refugee camp near Bethlehem.

UNRWA announced last month that it had dismissed staff after Israel presented it with allegations that 12 of its 13,000 employees in Gaza had taken part in the Oct. 7 assault by Hamas fighters who stormed border fences and attacked Israeli towns.

The Islamist militant group killed around 1,200 people, mostly civilians, and dragged more than 250 back into Gaza as hostages, according to Israeli tallies. Israel’s aerial and ground war in the Hamas-run enclave has killed more than 28,000 people there, health authorities there say.

Accusations against UNRWA have reignited longstanding Israeli demands to dismantle an agency which both sides see as closely linked to a refugee problem dating to Israel’s creation in 1948 that lies at the heart of their decades-long conflict.

Some 700,000 Palestinians, half the Arab population of what 75 years ago was British-ruled Palestine, fled or were expelled, many spilling into neighbouring Arab countries where they and their descendants remain. The tent camps they lived in after 1948 evolved into built-up townships.

With no lasting settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the horizon, they retain the status of refugees, including in the West Bank and Gaza, and assert a right to return to their homes within Israel’s borders.

Israel has always rejected that, saying they chose to leave and have no right to go back. Last month Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu renewed demands for UNRWA to be shut down, saying “it seeks to preserve the issue of Palestinian refugees”.


Daoud Faraj was 10 years old when his family became refugees. Now 85, he has lived most of his life in the West Bank’s Aida refugee camp near Jerusalem.

“Cutting off aid will hurt many people. Not only me,” he said, referring to the health services and schools that UNRWA manages in the camp.

The agency has said it hopes donors will review their funding decisions in a few weeks after a preliminary report into Israeli accusations and UNRWA’s handling of them.

It has said that it may run out of funds to operate services by the end of February if funding is not restored.

“It is possible for UNRWA to be forced into the worst scenario, which is a nightmare for us, and it is to stop our operations. Not only in Gaza, (but) in other locations where we operate,” said agency spokesperson Kazem Abu Khalaf.

An internal U.N. investigation has been launched as the United States – the largest donor to UNRWA – and other countries paused funding following the allegations.

Outside UNRWA’s West Bank operations hub in Jerusalem, the city’s deputy mayor Aryeh King spoke at a protest by Israelis demanding that the agency be shuttered.

“It is time that the government of Israel decides to deal with this organisation like an enemy,” King said as demonstrators held up placards reading “Expel UNRWA”.

(Writing by Angus McDowall; editing by Mark Heinrich)