This is a paid advertisement sponsored by Troy Minerals
With America at the Mercy of China & Russia for This Overlooked Yet Critical Energy Mineral[1]

A New “Earth MRI” Funded by the U.S. Government Could Help Reveal a Rare, Potentially Large-Scale Deposit in Wyoming*[2]

James Hyerczyk is a Florida-based technical analyst, market researcher, educator and trader. James began his career in Chicago in 1982 as a futures market analyst for floor traders at the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, and numerous brokerage firms. He has been providing quality analysis for professional traders for 40 years.

  • The metal vanadium has countless applications in the automotive, military, and aerospace industries. Today, it’s the key ingredient in cutting-edge vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) used for grid-level energy storage.[3]
  • Business intelligence company CRU Group forecasts that vanadium demand will double by 2032. VRFB batteries are projected to consume over 70% of vanadium demand by 2040.[4]
  • The U.S. government considers vanadium critical for our national and economic security – yet less than 5% of the metal is mined and processed in America.[5] The push for more domestic sources is strong since our adversaries, China and Russia, are the world’s top vanadium producers.[6]
  • The U.S. government has identified the Lake Owen Complex in Wyoming as a potential source of strategic metals such as vanadium, titanium, and platinum group elements (PGEs)*.[7] This made the area a good target for its recently completed airborne “Earth MRI” survey program.[8]
  • Now is a good time to become familiar with Troy Minerals (TROYF). The company’s flagship project located in this same Lake Owen region holds large-scale potential for a massive vanadium-titanium discovery*.[9]
By James Hyerczyk

The U.S. government keeps close tabs on the full range of minerals it considers critical to economic security, national defense, and a future of energy independence.[10]

However, the public’s attention has focused heavily on lithium and its role in electric vehicle batteries.

Flying under the radar, few people know much about the silver metal called vanadium.

It’s not some newly discovered exotic metal.

In 1908, Henry Ford was the first to extensively use the lightweight but strong alloy known as vanadium steel, which he incorporated in his Model T automobiles.”[11]

Today, despite being under-recognized…

Vanadium is not only considered one of the world’s most important metals[12]

Experts predict it will become even more important as we transition from fossil fuels to modern, renewable energies.[13]

Modern-day automakers carried on Henry Ford’s legacy, continuing to use vanadium in car bodies to make them lighter and substantially stronger.[14]

By 2025, it’s estimated that 85% of all vehicles will incorporate vanadium alloy to enhance fuel efficiency and the ability to meet stringent EPA fuel economy standards.[15]

Right now, China leads the rest of the world in transitioning to renewable energy, including electric vehicles (EVs), energy storage, and green infrastructure.[16]

And Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has further accelerated the timetable when it comes to our shift to electrified transportation.[17]

But with all the geopolitical uncertainty today, experts warn that continued over-reliance on nations such as China and Russia for our supply of minerals such as vanadium is a distinct threat to our national and economic security.[18]

All this makes it a great time to become familiar with Troy Minerals (TROYF). This discovery-driven company is focused on advancing its high-grade, potentially large-scale vanadium-titanium-platinum group elements property in Wyoming.[19]

The U.S. government has identified the Lake Owen complex as one of the American regions with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources.[20] Troy’s Lake Owen project lies within the Lake Owen complex. 

Unique Batteries Could Make Vanadium the World’s Most Important Tech Metal[21]

Vanadium is primarily used in conjunction with steel to help strengthen metals. By adding it to steel and aluminum, vanadium helps create ultra-strong and resilient alloys.[22]

In fact, only two pounds of vanadium added to a metric ton of steel can double its strength.[23]

The metal is used in the construction of  rebar, bridges, tunnels, buildings, and pipelines.[24] Because vanadium is highly corrosion-resistant, it’s ideal for use in pipes that carry chemicals.[25]

Nuclear power applications and huge superconducting magnets also require vanadium.[26]

In addition, high-purity vanadium is critical for various military and aerospace applications, including jet engines, airframes, ballistic missiles, and even the coating used in night vision goggles.[27]

The latest application, however, is for batteries – specifically vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs). This technological breakthrough is ideal for grid-level energy storage.[28]

Image Source [28b]

VRFBs are long-duration, utility-scale energy storage solutions that store intermittent renewable energy.[29]

Vanadium-flow batteries can be charged thousands of times without degrading. In addition to being long-lasting, these batteries are extremely durable and can hold enormous amounts of energy.[30]

VRFB batteries also derive from non-flammable material, which makes them safer and more reliable for large-scale storage applications.[31]

These qualities make VRFBs a potentially superior alternative to lithium-ion or lead-acid batteries for large-scale battery storage – especially for wind and solar power generation farms.[32]

Electric utilities and other power providers plan to deploy more VRFBs to support the growth of intermittent electricity generation systems.[33]

Graphic Source [34]

VRFBs have a lower energy cost than other large-scale battery systems, such as lithium-ion batteries.[35]

So, it’s no wonder these advanced VRFB batteries are projected to consume over 70% of vanadium demand by 2040.[36]

The cumulative share of energy storage using VRFBs is expected to rise to 7% by 2030 and nearly 20% by 2040. The high intensity of vanadium per gigawatt hour of storage means that even a small share in the future represents a “big deal” to the vanadium market.*[37]

That makes it a great time to learn about the Troy Minerals (TROYF) vanadium project in the safe mining jurisdiction of Wyoming. 

Vanadium Makes the Newest “Critical Mineral” List

With so many uses, it’s not surprising that vanadium made the 2022 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) list of 50 mineral commodities critical to our economy and national security.[38]

This list was created based on directives from the Energy Act of 2020, which defines critical minerals as essential to American economic and national security – and vulnerable to supply chain disruption.[39]

Unfortunately, despite the push towards energy independence, less than 5% of vanadium is currently mined and processed in the United States.[40]

I don’t know about you, but I see that as something that needs to change!

And as demand for the metal continues to grow, I believe that early investors in domestically sourced vanadium will find that a good place to be.*

The Market for Vanadium Continues to Grow

Because vanadium plays a crucial role in modern energy– especially with those VRFB batteries for grid-level storage – the global vanadium market could see explosive growth with the push to carbon-neutral practices.*[41]

According to asset management firm Capital 10X, the vanadium market is experiencing strong tailwinds – and is “coiled like a spring” right now.[42]

“Vanadium, more than any other metal, stands to have its supply chain completely remade by the growth of renewable energy.”[43] – Capital 10X

And with U.S. vanadium consumption increasing by 11% in 2022 alone, the American vanadium market is valued at $11.7 billion in 2023.[44]

The global vanadium market is also expected to grow significantly, projected to reach $81.8 billion by 2030, driven by the ongoing energy transition.[45]

The business intelligence company CRU Group forecasts that vanadium demand will double by 2032.[46]

cru-forecast-min
Graphic Source [47]

But there’s a major obstacle…

China Leads the Way in Vanadium Production

As 2020 figures show, China (by a large margin) and Russia are the world’s top vanadium producers.[48]

The graph below makes it clear that America isn’t even in the game right now regarding vanadium.

With the U.S. government classifying vanadium as critical to our national security, we need to start finding more domestic sources of the metal – FAST! 

vanadium-production-min
Graphic Source[49]

China is the global leader in VRFBs, aggressively ramping up battery deployments. If communist China completes just 50% of its planned vanadium storage projects over the next seven years, China could move from the largest exporter of vanadium in the world to a net importer.[50]

The possibility of China hoarding vanadium or other critical minerals should be sounding alarm bells to resource investors. Upheavals like this rarely happen in commodity markets, which explains why analysts have already taken notice.[51]

That’s another reason investors should keep their eyes on mineral exploration company Troy Minerals (TROYF) — and its promising vanadium project right here in the U.S.

The U.S. Government Agrees – Wyoming Shows Huge Potential*[52]

Troy Minerals (TROYF) is currently focused on advancing its high-grade, potentially large-scale vanadium-titanium-platinum group element (PGE) property in Wyoming.*[53]

The company’s flagship Lake Owen project is a “drive-to” property with easy access. Located 31 miles southwest of Laramie, the project comprises 91 unpatented lode mining claims over 1,600 acres.[55]   

What really excites me is that the property demonstrates significant potential for a large-scale vanadium and titanium discovery, with approximately 1 BILLION + METRIC TONS.

I should note that a mineral resource estimate has yet to be completed per NI 43-101.[57]

The Earth Mapping Resources Initiative received $320 million over five years from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to map regions of potential minerals critical to U.S. supply chains, economy, and national defense.[59]

And one of the regions this government program has identified includes Troy Minerals’ (TROYF) Lake Owen Project in Wyoming – with its 1+ billion metric ton potential target*.[60]

Graphic Source[61]

In fact, the U.S. government has identified the Lake Owen Complex, previously drilled by Chevron, as a potential source of multiple strategic metals, including vanadium, titanium, PGEs, iron, copper, and nickel.[62]

It’s considered similar in style to the Stillwater Complex of Montana,[63] which contains one of the world’s highest-grade platinum group element deposit.[64]

In a joint effort with the Wyoming State Geologic Survey, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a mag and radiometric airborne survey via a low-level helicopter over the entire area of the Lake Owen Complex. In addition to the airborne work, field crews – “boots on the outcrop” – were also on the property[65] with a mandate that included mapping, local gravity measurements, bedrock sampling, and petrographic analysis.[66]

This government-funded geophysical “Earth MRI” survey will help scientists develop high-resolution, three-dimensional representations of geology to depths over 3,280 feet below the surface.

Troy Minerals (TROYF) anticipates this survey will provide the company with valuable geological insights and cost savings in exploration expenses.[68]

“Coupled with our 2023 planned fieldwork, this USGS program will be a big boost to our exploration and targeting strategy for follow-up drilling. It’s very encouraging that the vast potential we saw in this project from the beginning as a source of critical minerals for North America, is shared by the United States government’s critical minerals strategy.”[69]
– Bill Cronk, Senior Geologic Advisor for Troy Minerals

The USGS spent five days on the project. Project data and reports from this airborne and ground survey are expected to be shared with Troy Minerals (TROYF) in the coming weeks.[70] I can’t wait to see the report…

And remember, vanadium is not the only critical metal Troy Minerals (TROYF) is exploring for at the Lake Owen project…

It’s considered a highly perspective vanadium, titanium, and platinum group element (PGE) property in Wyoming.[71]

So How Important are Titanium and Platinum Group Elements (PGEs)?

The silver metal titanium is lightweight, strong, and resistant to corrosion. It’s as strong as steel but weighs about half as much.[72]

It’s used in the pigmentation of paints and coatings – and has applications in the energy, chemical, aerospace, jewelry, cosmetics, and medical sectors.[73]

Titanium combines with vanadium, aluminum, nickel, molybdenum, and other metals to produce high-performance alloys.[74]

Jet engines, spacecraft, military equipment, body armor, and other high-tech products need parts made with these alloys.[75]

Due to its extensive use and wide range of applications, titanium is in high demand.[76]

Titanium is also included on the 2022 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) list of 50 mineral commodities critical to our economy and national security.[77]

According to some sources, the global market size of titanium in 2022 was $28 billion. The titanium market size is forecasted to grow to nearly $52 billion in 2030.[78]

The United States uses more titanium minerals than it currently produces, making it a net importer of titanium.[79]

And similar to the situation with vanadium, America is critically dependent on Russia and China for titanium, to such an extent that the U.S. has exempted this metal from sanctions.[80]

And then there are the platinum group elements: platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. PGEs are among the rarest metals on earth.[81]

And the majority of them are on that same 2022 USGS list of 50 mineral commodities deemed critical to American national security and the economy.[82]

When it comes to PGEs, U.S. net import reliance stands at about 90%.[83]

A significant portion of the world’s supply of PGEs comes from just a few countries, particularly South Africa and Russia. Geopolitical risks and disruptions in these regions could become yet another threat to supply.[84]

Although platinum is known for its use in jewelry and as an investment commodity, the major applications of PGE are industrial. Their leading use is in automotive catalytic converters.[85]

catalytic-converter-exhaust-system-modern-car-min
Image Source[85b]

The platinum group elements they contain are so valuable that catalytic converters in vehicles have become a common target for theft.[86]

PGE components are also used in nearly all electronic devices, including cell phones and computers.[87]

That’s why I was excited to see that previous previous drilling by Chevron on Troy Minerals’ (TROYF) Lake Owen property found strong PGE mineralization in several drill holes* in three distinct zones (Upper, Middle and Lower) These three zones contained 1-2 meters of “reef” style PGE mineralization.[88]

But Troy Minerals (TROYF) doesn’t have all its “eggs” in one North American basket…

Another Potential Critical Mineral Opportunity*:
The Lac Jacques Rare Earth Project

Troy Minerals (TROYF) also owns the Lac Jacques High-Grade Rare Earth Project located 155 miles – three hours driving distance – north of Montreal, Quebec.[89]

The road-accessible project comprises 20 claims[90] totaling 2,300 acres, with easy, drivable access to all parts of the project area. Hydropower lines are located only 1.2 miles away from the project boundaries.[91]

Troy-Map1
Graphic Source[92]

As its name implies, the property hosts high-grade rare earth element (REE) mineralization at the surface.[93]

On October 30, 2023, Troy Minerals (TROYF) announced the completion of the Phase One exploration program, including soil sampling and prospecting at Lac Jacques.[94]

Troy Minerals (TROYF) has now moved to the next phase with the commencement of drilling at Lac Jacques. Drill holes will test the high-grade REE exposure as well as the on-strike extension to the east.[95]

Rare Earths are Critical to the Modern Energy Transition

With hard-to-pronounce names such as yttrium and praseodymium, it’s not surprising that few people are familiar with rare earth minerals.

Yet, similar to vanadium and other metals we’ve discussed…

Some of the 17 rare earth elements (REEs) are also found on the new USGS list of 50 mineral commodities critical to the U.S. economy and national security.[96]

With their magnetic properties, rare earth elements such as neodymium and praseodymium are particularly important to electric vehicles and the clean energy sector.[97]

As one example, neodymium magnets in a typical EV weigh up to six pounds.[98]

REEs are also crucial to modern U.S. military aerospace technology. They are used in everything from missile and weapon guidance systems to disk drive motors installed in aircraft and tanks.[99]

Bringing REEs Back to North America?

As with vanadium, China produces the lion’s share – 80% – of the world’s rare earth elements.[100]

In 2020, China produced 140,000 tons of rare earth elements, while the U.S. produced just 38,000 tons.[101] What’s more, the U.S. had to import 100% of its usable rare earth metals in 2020, with 80% of those coming from China.[102]

China’s domination of the industry worried both past and present administrations. If China refused to sell rare earths to the U.S., our defense capabilities – among other things – could be in serious jeopardy.[103]

A 2021 report from market research firm Adamas Intelligence predicts that the overall market for magnetic rare earth elements could increase fivefold by 2030 — to $15.6 billion from the current $2.9 billion.[104]

Adamas also anticipates a worldwide shortage of the rare earths praseodymium and neodymium by 2030.[105]

Fortunately, Canada is considered a premier and safe mining jurisdiction.[106] And with Canada as our largest trading partner,[107] the White House considers Canada’s metals “domestic” sources.[108]

This could open the door for Canadian mining projects to potentially qualify for U.S. financing under new initiatives. Advocates for a more robust and secure U.S. supply chain for electric vehicles say Canada could be a valuable ally in Biden’s mining-for-climate strategy.[109]

All this is positive news for Troy Minerals’ (TROYF) Lac Jacques Rare Earth Project in Quebec.

Now, I’ve given you a lot to digest in this report, so let’s recap:

9 Reasons to Put Troy Minerals (TROYF) on Your Radar (Or on Your Broker’s Desk) Right Away*

Do YouR Due Diligence and Consider Troy Minerals (TROYF) Now

Troy Minerals (TROYF) plans to explore and develop its current mineral assets, and acquire over-looked but technically sound exploration mineral projects with big blue sky potential.*[138]

We can see the writing on the wall. The transition to renewable energy is happening…

So, if you’d like to have an opportunity to be among the early bird big winners in the clean energy transition*…

I suggest you show this report to your investment advisor or broker right away.

Investing in Troy Minerals (TROYF) has the potential for higher rewards than other larger operations but also comes with higher risk. And, of course, past performance is no guarantee of future results.*

I’m not an investment advisor, let alone your investment advisor. But the rule and admonition I follow is to never invest more than I can afford to lose. I do not chase losses. That means if prices slide, I resist all temptation to “average down.”*

And to minimize risk, any investment you may make in Troy Minerals (TROYF) should be part of a wider asset allocation strategy in your portfolio which you may have discussed with your investment advisor.

But with that strong caution to my readers, I believe my analysis of the potentially huge upside of Troy Minerals (TROYF) is a good one.

Wishing you success in all your investments.

– James Hyerczyk | EdgeOnTheStreet.com

P.S. Still want more information on Troy Minerals (TROYF)?

I’d like to offer you access to Troy Minerals’ Investor Presentation, which you can have at no charge. 

I’ll also begin a free subscription for you to our online investor newsletter, Edge On The Street.

Sign up below to learn about this investment opportunity.

By signing up above you will receive the Edge on the Street newsletter which is always free. You can unsubscribe at any time and view our Privacy Policy here.

ADVERTISEMENT DISCLAIMER

This PUBLICATION is an issuer-paid advertisement. This paid advertisement includes a stock profile of Troy Minerals (TROYF). To enhance public awareness of TROYF and its securities, the issuer has provided i2i Marketing Group, LLC (“i2i”) with a total budget of approximately two hundred ninety nine thousand nine hundred seventy five dollars ($299,975.00) USD to cover the costs associated with this advertisement for a period beginning 4 Dec 2023 and currently set to end 4 March 2024. In connection with this effort, i2i has paid the author of this advertisement, James Hyerczyk, three thousand five hundred ($3,500.00) USD in cash out of the total budget. The website hosting this advertisement, Edge on The Street, is owned by i2i. As a result of this advertisement, Edge on The Street may receive advertising revenue from new advertisers and collect email addresses from readers that it may be able to monetize. I2i will retain any excess sums after all expenses are paid. James Hyerczyk is solely responsible for the contents of this advertisement. As of the date this advertisement is posted to the Edge on The Street website, some or all of i2i, Edge On The Street, or James Hyerczyk, and any of their respective officers, principals, or affiliates (as defined in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Rule 501(b) promulgated there under) may hold the securities of TROYF’s and may sell those shares during the course of this advertising campaign. This advertisement may increase investor and market awareness, which may result in an increased number of shareholders owning and trading the securities of TROYF’s, increased trading volume, and possibly an increased share price of TROYF’s securities, which may or may not be temporary and decrease once the advertising campaign has ended. Per the BCSC mining guidelines and 43-101 standards of disclosure, TROYF is not relying on historical data for their property information and will publish drill results accordingly.

To more fully understand the Edge on The Street website or service, please review its full Disclaimer and Disclosure Policy.

* See our Important Notice and Disclaimer above for a detailed discussion on compensation, risks, atypical results, and more.

[1] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf 

[2] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[3] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[4] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[5]https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[6] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdfhttps://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[7] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[8] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/Nov-14-Lake-Owen-update_USGS.pdf

[9] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[10] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-mineral

[11] https://corporate.ford.com/articles/history/the-model-t.html

[12] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[13] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[14] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[15] Ihttps://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdfhttps://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[16] https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2020-02-28/how-china-became-worlds-leader-green-energy

[17]  https://www.legacyresearch.com/the-daily-cut/russias-war-will-accelerate-the-shift-to-evs/

[18] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[19] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdfhttps://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[20] https://www.usgs.gov/special-topics/earth-mri/science/why-earth-mri-needed?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

[21] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[22] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[23] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[24] https://usvanadium.com/power-of-vanadium/

[25] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[26] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[27] https://issuu.com/titaniumtoday/docs/titaniumtoday_q2_071622-1/s/16395921#:~:text=High%2Dpurity%20vanadium%20is%20critical,as%20a%20pollution%20control%20catalyst.

[28] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdfhttps://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[28b] https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/conceptual-image-modern-battery-energy-storage-1914665077

[29] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[30] https://www.iisd.org/articles/vanadium-valyrian-steel-energy-transition

[31] https://www.iisd.org/articles/vanadium-valyrian-steel-energy-transition

[32] https://www.iisd.org/articles/vanadium-valyrian-steel-energy-transition

[33] https://usvanadium.com/vanadium-redox-batteries/

[34] https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/redox-flow-batteries-diagram-vector-device-2352418079

[35] https://usvanadium.com/vanadium-redox-batteries/

[36] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdfhttps://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[37] https://www.crugroup.com/knowledge-and-insights/spotlights-blogs/blogs-2022/battery-demand-for-vanadium-from-vrfb-to-change-vanadium-market/

[38] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[39] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[40] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[41] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[42] https://capital10x.com/the-vanadium-market-is-coiled-like-a-spring/#:~:text=The%20world%20currently%20consumers%20130%2C000,14%25%20of%20demand%20by%202030.

[43] https://capital10x.com/the-vanadium-market-is-coiled-like-a-spring/#:~:text=The%20world%20currently%20consumers%20130%2C000,14%25%20of%20demand%20by%202030.

[44] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[45]https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[46] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[47] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[48] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[49] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[50] https://capital10x.com/the-vanadium-market-is-coiled-like-a-spring/#:~:text=The%20world%20currently%20consumers%20130%2C000,14%25%20of%20demand%20by%202030

[51] https://capital10x.com/the-vanadium-market-is-coiled-like-a-spring/#:~:text=The%20world%20currently%20consumers%20130%2C000,14%25%20of%20demand%20by%202030

[52] https://www.usgs.gov/special-topics/earth-mri/science/first-steps-implementing-earth-mri?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

[53] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[55] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[57]https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[59] https://www.usgs.gov/news/state-news-release/a-geologic-leap-forward-understanding-wyoming

[60] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[61] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[62] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[63] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[64] https://iugs-geoheritage.org/geoheritage_sites/the-stillwater-complex/

[65] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/Nov-14-Lake-Owen-update_USGS.pdf

[66] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[68] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[69] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[70] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/Nov-14-Lake-Owen-update_USGS.pdf

[71] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[72] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[73] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[74] https://geology.com/articles/titanium/

[75] https://geology.com/articles/titanium/

[76] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[77] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[78] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1318587/market-size-of-titanium-worldwide/#:~:text=The%20global%20market%20size%20of,nearly%2031%20billion%20U.S.%20dollars.

[79] https://geology.com/articles/titanium/

[80] https://www.eurasiantimes.com/russia-china-us-led-west-look-to-secure-rare-titanium/#:~:text=These%20properties%20have%20caused%20titanium,Russia%20and%20China%20for%20titanium.

[81] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[82] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[83] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[84] https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2023/09/18/2744903/0/en/4-6-CAGR-of-Platinum-Group-Metals-Market-to-Gain-Around-USD-23-834-Million-by-2032-Report-by-Market-us.html

[85] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[85b] https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/catalytic-converter-exhaust-system-modern-car-1651656655

[86] https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2022/09/22/what-are-catalytic-converters/10399635002/

[87] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[88] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[89] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[90] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

[91] https://troyminerals.com/#!/projects

[92] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[93] https://troyminerals.com/#!/about

[94] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

[95] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

[96] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[97] https://www.iea.org/reports/the-role-of-critical-minerals-in-clean-energy-transitions/reliable-supply-of-minerals#rare-earth-elements

[98] https://www.reuters.com/business/autos-transportation/china-frictions-steer-electric-automakers-away-rare-earth-magnets-2021-07-19/

[99] https://www.airforcemag.com/article/rare-earth-uncertainty/

[100]https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/western-miners-seek-premium-pricing-for-rare-earth-metals-to-break-china-grip/105095414#:~:text=China%20controls%2095%20per%20cent,end%20users%20through%20export%20controls.

[101] https://www.visualcapitalist.com/rare-earth-elements-where-in-the-world-are-they/

[102] https://comptroller.texas.gov/about/media-center/news/20211027-texas-comptroller-visits-usa-rare-earths-round-top-project-for-good-for-texas-tour-supply-chains-edition-1634751039266

[103] https://aheadoftheherd.com/call-for-domestic-mining-of-critical-minerals-is-finally-being-answered/

[104] https://www.miningnewswire.com/rare-earth-oxides-market-to-register-a-fivefold-increase-by-2030/#:~:text=Rare%20Earth%20Oxides%20Market%20to%20Register%20a%20Fivefold%20Increase%20by%202030,-May%2019%2C%202021&text=A%20report%20released%20recently%20by,to%20%2415.65%20billion%20by%202030.

[105] https://www.miningnewswire.com/rare-earth-oxides-market-to-register-a-fivefold-increase-by-2030/#:~:text=Rare%20Earth%20Oxides%20Market%20to%20Register%20a%20Fivefold%20Increase%20by%202030,-May%2019%2C%202021&text=A%20report%20released%20recently%20by,to%20%2415.65%20billion%20by%202030

[106] https://www.eenews.net/articles/biden-admin-eyes-funding-canadian-mining/

[107] https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2023/03/24/fact-sheet-strengthening-the-united-states-canada-partnership/

[108] https://www.eenews.net/articles/biden-admin-eyes-funding-canadian-mining/

[109] https://www.eenews.net/articles/biden-admin-eyes-funding-canadian-mining/

[110] Ihttps://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[111] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[112] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[113] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[114] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[116] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[117] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[118] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[119] http://metalpedia.asianmetal.com/metal/titanium/application.shtml#:~:text=The%20aerospace%20industry%20is%20the,ratio%20and%20high%20temperature%20properties.

[120] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[121] https://ipa-news.de/index/platinum-group-metals/

[122] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

[123] https://troyminerals.com/#!/about

[124] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

[125] https://www.iea.org/reports/the-role-of-critical-minerals-in-clean-energy-transitions/reliable-supply-of-minerals#rare-earth-elements

[126] https://pubs.aip.org/physicstoday/article/74/2/20/391201/US-government-acts-to-reduce-dependence-on-China

[127] https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-minerals

[128] https://www.eurasiantimes.com/russia-china-us-led-west-look-to-secure-rare-titanium/#:~:text=These%20properties%20have%20caused%20titanium,Russia%20and%20China%20for%20titanium.

[129] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.

[130] https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2023/09/18/2744903/0/en/4-6-CAGR-of-Platinum-Group-Metals-Market-to-Gain-Around-USD-23-834-Million-by-2032-Report-by-Market-us.html

[131] https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/western-miners-seek-premium-pricing-for-rare-earth-metals-to-break-china-grip/105095414#:~:text=China%20controls%2095%20per%20cent,end%20users%20through%20export%20controls.

[132] https://www.iea.org/reports/the-role-of-critical-minerals-in-clean-energy-transitions/reliable-supply-of-minerals#rare-earth-elements

[133] https://issuu.com/titaniumtoday/docs/titaniumtoday_q2_071622-1/s/16395921#:~:text=High%2Dpurity%20vanadium%20is%20critical,as%20a%20pollution%20control%20catalyst.

[134] https://www.northsteel.com/2019/01/22/military-uses-of-titanium/#:~:text=Titanium%20is%20nowadays%20used%20for,on%20titanium%20alloys%20as%20well.

[135] https://www.thenaturalsapphirecompany.com/education/additional-precious-metals-information/platinum-in-industry/#:~:text=Platinum%20alloys%20play%20an%20important,coat%20the%20nosecones%20of%20missiles.

[136] https://www.airforcemag.com/article/rare-earth-uncertainty/

[137] https://troyminerals.com/#!/projects

[138] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

Ad Note References:
https://corporate.ford.com/articles/history/the-model-t.html
https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/
https://capital10x.com/battery-tech-report-lithium-ion-vs-vrfbs/
https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/automotive-and-assembly/our-insights/enabling-renewable-energy-with-battery-energy-storage-systems
https://www.usgs.gov/news/national-news-release/us-geological-survey-releases-2022-list-critical-mineral
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C
https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf
https://issuu.com/titaniumtoday/docs/titaniumtoday_q2_071622-1/s/16395921#:~:text=High%2Dpurity%20vanadium%20is%20critical,as%20a%20pollution%20control%20catalyst.
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1312490/vanadium-production-volume-worldwide-by-country/#:~:text=Global%20vanadium%20production%20volume%202020%2C%20by%20country&text=In%202020%2C%20the%20country%20with,metric%20tons%20of%20the%20metal.
https://www.sciencehistory.org/stories/magazine/the-rocks-at-the-top-of-the-world/#:~:text=Vanadium%20steel%2C%20Ford%20learned%2C%20also,axles%2C%20gears%2C%20and%20springs.
https://www.thehenryford.org/explore/blog/henry-ford-case-study-of-an-innovator#:~:text=The%20designers%20utilized%20vanadium%20alloy,that%20of%20more%20expensive%20cars.
https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/
https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/science/environment/vanadium-fever/
https://www.iisd.org/articles/vanadium-valyrian-steel-energy-transition
https://www.visualcapitalist.com/vanadium-energy-storage-metal/
http://kailynw.sg-host.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK.pdf

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