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Magnetic Marvels:
The “Rare” Metals Powering the Future of AI and Semiconductor Technology

James Hyerczyk is a Florida-based technical analyst, market researcher, educator and trader. James began his career in Chicago in 1982 as a futures market analyst for floor traders at the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, and numerous brokerage firms. He has been providing quality analysis for professional traders for 40 years.

By James Hyerczyk

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Billionaires tend to invest with one eye on the future.

And three of them – Jeff Bezos, Michael Bloomberg, and Bill Gates – now have their sights set on a sector that many analysts predict will go into deficit this decade.[1]*

These members of the billionaire club have funded – to the tune of nearly $200 million – what’s been called a “massive treasure hunt” for rare earth elements.[2]

What is it about these relatively unheard-of commodities that have many savvy investors and billionaires alike watching and investing?

This group of metals is crucial for semiconductor chips, renewable energy, electric vehicles, and much more.

With semiconductor chips, for example…

They provide the computing power necessary for everything from smartphones and smart devices to vehicles, TVs, washing machines, and microwaves.[3]

That’s why I’ve seen a trend unfolding with investments in semiconductor and artificial intelligence (AI) stocks.

Investors have gone all-in with stocks such as NVIDIA, a world leader in artificial intelligence computing chips and applications.[4][5]

But here’s the thing…

These semiconductor chips cannot be manufactured without rare earth elements (REEs).

It’s even bigger than private investor and billionaire interest, the development of a robust supply chain for rare earth elements has full American and Canadian government support…[7][8]

These governments clearly understand the need to secure a supply of rare earth minerals sufficient to achieve semiconductor independence.

Both the U.S. and Canada view it as a matter of national security.

Because right now, China has an “iron grip” on the mining of rare earth elements.[9]

In fact, China accounted for 70% of global mine production of rare earths in 2022.[10]

What’s worse, China has already imposed export controls on certain rare earths needed to make semiconductor chips.[11]

This could spell MAJOR disaster…

Especially when the U.S. Department of Defense calls China its top strategic threat.[12]

Now more than ever, government officials — and particularly the Pentagon — worry that the U.S. is increasingly vulnerable to any disruption in the rare earth supply chain.[13]

I’m no math whiz, but when you add it all up…

No rare earth metals = no semiconductor chips = no AI and other advanced technologies

Without many more new mines being developed within North America, the West will continue to be at the mercy of China for these critical rare earth elements.[14][15]

Known as “the seeds of technology[16],” REEs have unique properties that make today’s emerging technologies possible.

From miniaturizing electronics… to the development of electric vehicles, wind turbines, and other “green” technologies… to supporting vital defense, telecommunication, and transportation systems…[17]

Rare earth elements play a starring role.

That’s why it’s important for investors to understand this megatrend now.

Nobody wants to be late to the game. And nobody wants to miss out. I believe there’s an emerging opportunity for one particular company in this space.* And right now, it’s still flying under the radar.

The company I’m talking about is Troy Minerals (TROYF).

I’m adding this stock to my watch list RIGHT NOW.

Why?

Well, for one thing, Troy Minerals (TROYF) aims to become a top North American explorer of rare earth and critical elements vital to the trillion-dollar semiconductor industry,[18] the AI revolution, and the renewable energy market.*

Read on…

What Nobody Bothered to Tell You About the “Chip War”

Metals such as rare earths have been called “the new oil.”[19]

The last century was ruled by oil and gas. Dominating politics and economics. Creating wealth beyond measure. Even setting off wars.

But there’s a different kind of war going on right now, with rare earths at the center of it.

It’s a chip war…

Today, the U.S.-China chip war centers on the island nation of Taiwan.[20]

Taiwan represents the beating heart of semiconductor manufacturing.

In fact, Taiwanese companies hold a 68% market share in the manufacture of semiconductors used for AI and quantum computing applications.[21]

And while China has downplayed threats to take over Taiwan, President Xi has also warned that China’s unification with Taiwan is unstoppable.[22]

A Chinese blockade of Taiwan — even without becoming a military conflict…

Could disrupt over $2 trillion in economic activity by cutting off the primary source of semiconductors from global supply chains.[23]*

Of course, the U.S. would like to steer clear of any China-Taiwan conflict.[24]

Especially since China is one of the world’s largest producers of rare earths[25] and many other strategic metals.

But China is the worst kind of trade partner – that’s because it can’t be trusted.

The U.S. government recognizes that fact.

That’s why, in March 2023, President Biden delivered an URGENT plea during his visit to Canada…

A plea for Canada to help the U.S. with its need for rare earths and other critical minerals.[26]

While speaking to Parliament, Biden cast it as an ideal partnership…

“We don’t have the minerals to mine, you can mine them.”[27]

President Biden went on to say:

“Canada in particular has large quantities of critical minerals that are essential for our clean energy future… and I believe we have an incredible opportunity to work together so Canada and the United States can source and supply here in North America everything we need for reliable and resilient supply chains.”[28]

A Joint Statement put out by President Biden and Prime Minister Trudeau focused on the importance of these mineral sources to semiconductors, renewable energy, electric vehicles, aerospace, and defense, among other sectors.[29]

And it wasn’t all talk…

The news reported that there was a “pot of gold” at the end of President Joe Biden’s Canadian jaunt – one that’s going into Canada’s mining sector.[30]

This was actually a $250 million fund with a goal of accelerating the critical minerals supply chain for both countries.[31]

This is great news, as Canada is estimated to have over 15 million metric tons of rare earth oxide.[32]*

Right now is a great time to research this trend.

Especially with bipartisan support in the U.S. to reduce dependence on China for our critical minerals.[33]

Both the U.S. and Canada signaled their commitment to start decoupling from China.[34]

And Troy Minerals (TROYF), with its promising Canadian Rare Earths Project near Montreal, could be among the first companies to benefit from such a strategic partnership.*

What Makes Rare Earths So Critical?

Many investors are in the dark when it comes to rare earths…

But you could be ahead of the curve with a little basic knowledge.*

First, it’s vital to understand why rare earths could be as important in this century as oil and gas were during the last.

You’ve already seen that rare earths are central to semiconductor manufacturing.

Semiconductor chips are found in thousands of products[35] – from personal computers to smartphones… from digital cameras to TVs, washing machines, and other appliances.[36]

In addition to consumer electronics, semiconductors play a central role in the operation of bank ATMs, trains, medical networks, and advanced devices used in cars for driver assistance.[37]

As multinational titan Hitachi puts it, “…semiconductors help us to live comfortable lives.”[38]

It’s no wonder the demand for these chips is soaring.

According to Precedence Research, the global semiconductor market size is projected to grow from $664 billion in 2023 to around $1.9 trillion by 2032.[39]*

Of course, semiconductors also enable the continued development of technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and the interconnected networked system of devices known as the Internet of Things.[40] [41]

As Statista notes, the market for AI is expected to show remarkable growth in the coming decade.

AI market value is projected to grow exponentially – from $100 billion in 2021 to nearly $2 trillion by 2030.[42]*

graphic[43]*

And the semiconductor and AI sectors cannot survive without rare earth elements, one of the critical mineral groups that Troy Minerals (TROYF) is laser-focused on.

REEs also play crucial roles in modern U.S. military and defense technology.

For example, each F-35 Lightning II fighter jet uses 920 pounds of rare earth materials.[44]

Rare earths are found in missile and weapon guidance systems, in disk drive motors installed in planes and tanks, electronic warfare jamming devices, satellite communications, and radar and sonar systems.[45]

The list seems endless.

From magnetic storage of enormous quantities of data[46] to the magnets used in MRI machines that diagnose and treat many medical conditions…[47]

It’s hard to find an industry in which rare earth elements are not used.

But unfortunately, as the demand for critical minerals rises to levels beyond any seen before, supply shortfalls are looming.[48]

In particular, an alarming shortage of rare earths is impending.[49]

This could truly be considered a national emergency.

The good news is, Canadian rare earth miners could be perfectly positioned as allies to help the U.S. develop a reliable supply chain – before it’s too late.

And if a significant rare earth discovery was to occur for Troy Minerals (TROYF), this could become a game changer for early investors.*

Canadian Rare Earth Project Offers a Promising Critical Mineral Opportunity*

Troy Minerals (TROYF) is a Canadian-based exploration company focused on the acquisition, exploration, and development of multiple mineral properties.[50]

This includes the Lac Jacques High-Grade Rare Earth Project located 155 miles – just 3 hours driving distance – north of Montreal, Quebec.[51]

The road-accessible project comprises 20 claims[52] totaling 2,300 acres, with easy drivable access to all parts of the project area. Hydro power lines are located only 1.2 miles away from the project boundaries.[53]

graphic[54]

As its name implies, the property hosts high-grade real earth element (REE) mineralization at the surface.[55]

On October 30, 2023, Troy Minerals (TROYF) announced the completion of the Phase One exploration program including soil sampling and prospecting at Lac Jacques.[56]

Troy Minerals (TROYF) has now moved to the next phase with the commencement of drilling at Lac Jacques. Drill holes will test the high-grade REE exposure as well as the on-strike extension to the east.[57]

“While our recent drill program targeted the historic high-grade REE exposed in a trench, our prospecting shows that the high-grade dyke material may have a strike length of more than 2 miles. This is very promising and we are excited to drill it beginning in late January 2024” – Rana Vig, President Troy Minerals *

Strong Company Leadership With a Successful Record of Exits

When it comes to evaluating potential investments, it’s always important to know who’s in charge.

Troy Minerals (TROYF) has a strong and experienced leadership team led by CEO Rana Vig with a successful track record of previous exits.

Mr. Vg has over 30 years of successful business experience. He has played key roles in publicly traded companies, including President of Musgrove Minerals (copper, gold) and Chairman & CEO of Continental Precious Minerals (uranium).

In 2018, he became CEO of Lead Ventures and oversaw and executed the acquisition and $5 billion+ reverse takeover of Curaleaf Holdings which raised $520 million – one of the largest Canadian cannabis financings in history.

His track record also includes taking over the helm of Rockbridge Resources, which he successfully restructured by acquiring, through a reverse takeover, the $2 billion+ Harvest Health & Rec, which closed a $300 million financing deal – the 3rd largest cannabis financing of 2018. In 2017, he received the Canadian Senate 150th Anniversary Medal, awarded to Canadians actively working to make Canada a better place to live.

His entrepreneurial expertise in these transformative acquisitions and strategic restructuring has driven growth and success for these companies.

Director Norman Brewster has an equally impressive mineral industry career.

Mr. Brewster’s background includes developing the Aguas Tenidas Mine in Spain, negotiating the purchase of the Condestable Mine in Peru, and aiding the successful acquisition of Iberian Minerals Corp. by Trafigura Group Pte. Ltd. in an all-cash takeover valued at around $497 million. [58] and was a director and committee member of Spider Resources that approved the approximately $250 million takeover by Cliffs Natural Resources Inc.

Led by this all-star team of experts, Troy Minerals (TROYF) is poised to be a critical player in the North American rare earth supply chain.*

But Troy Minerals (TROYF) doesn’t have all its “eggs” in one North American basket.

Multiple Properties With Multiple Critical Minerals

Troy Minerals (TROYF) also owns the Lac Jacques High-Grade Rare Earth Project located 155 miles – three hours driving distance – north of Montreal, Quebec.[98]

The road-accessible project comprises 20 claims[99] totaling 2,300 acres, with easy, drivable access to all parts of the project area. Hydropower lines are located only 1.2 miles away from the project boundaries.[100]

Troy Minerals (TROYF) is also focused on delineating a high-grade, large-scale vanadium-titanium-platinum group elements resource in Wyoming.[59]

The U.S. government already identified the company’s Lake Owen project as part of an American region with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources.[60]

To this end, the U.S. Geological Survey has already performed a large-scale “Earth MRI” aerial survey program using 3D technology to map out and define mineral resources.[61]

troy-survey-area2
graphic[62]

Project data and reports from this airborne and additional ground survey are expected to be shared with Troy Minerals (TROYF) in the coming weeks.[63]

What really excites me is that the property demonstrates significant potential for a world-class vanadium and titanium discovery, with approximately 1+ BILLION METRIC TONS.*[64]

So I can’t wait to see the report…

If you haven’t heard much about vanadium, it’s time to change that.

The metal vanadium has countless applications in the automotive, military, and aerospace industries.

Automakers use vanadium in car bodies to make them lighter and substantially stronger.[65]

By 2025, it’s estimated that 85% of all vehicles will incorporate vanadium alloy to enhance fuel efficiency and the ability to meet EPA fuel economy standards.*[66]

Today, vanadium is also the key ingredient in cutting-edge vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) used for grid-level energy storage.[67]

The U.S. government considers vanadium critical for our national and economic security – yet less than 5% of the metal is mined and processed in America.[68]

The push for more domestic sources is strong, since China and Russia are the world’s top vanadium producers.[69]

Remember, vanadium is not the only critical metal Troy Minerals (TROYF) is exploring for at the Lake Owen project…

It’s considered to have the potential for a large vanadium, titanium, and platinum group element (PGE) project in Wyoming.*[70]

The silver metal titanium is lightweight and resistant to corrosion. It’s as strong as steel but weighs about half as much.[71]

It’s used in the pigmentation of paints and coatings – and has applications in the energy, chemical, aerospace, jewelry, cosmetics, and medical sectors.[72]

Titanium combines with vanadium and other metals to produce high-performance alloys.[73]

Jet engines, spacecraft, military equipment, body armor, and other high-tech products require parts made with these alloys.[74]

Due to its extensive use and wide range of applications, titanium is in high demand.[75]

Platinum group elements are among the rarest metals on earth.[76]

Although platinum is known for its use as jewelry and as an investment commodity, the leading use of PGEs is in automotive catalytic converters.[77]

I know we’ve covered a lot of ground today, but there’s more…

Troy Minerals’ (TROYF) company portfolio also includes the 2,630-acre Ticktock Property located within the prolific Golden Triangle region of British Columbia, and the right to acquire 100% interest in the Green Gold Project west of Prince George, B.C.[78]

I think you’ve seen that this company has the right assets, the right people, and a supportive Canada-U.S. alliance.

As a recap, here are some reasons why you should put Troy Minerals (TROYF) on your radar*:

9 Reasons to Put Troy Minerals (TROYF) on Your Radar

Investing in Troy Minerals (TROYF) has the potential for higher rewards than other larger operations, but also comes with higher risk. And, of course, past performance is no guarantee of future results.*

I’m not an investment advisor, let alone your investment advisor. But the rule and admonition I follow is to never invest more than I can afford to lose. I do not chase losses. That means if prices slide, I resist all temptation to “average down.”*

But with that strong caution to my readers, I believe my analysis of the potentially huge upside of Troy Minerals (TROYF) is a good one.

Wishing you success in all your investments.

– James Hyerczyk | EdgeOnTheStreet.com

P.S. Still want more information on Troy Minerals (TROYF)?

I’d like to offer you access to Troy Minerals’ Investor Presentation, which you can have at no charge.

I’ll also begin a free subscription for you to our online investor newsletter, Edge On The Street.

Sign up below to learn about this investment opportunity.

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ADVERTISEMENT DISCLAIMER

This PUBLICATION is an issuer-paid advertisement. This paid advertisement includes a stock profile of Troy Minerals (TROYF). To enhance public awareness of TROYF and its securities, the issuer has provided i2i Marketing Group, LLC (“i2i”) with a total budget of approximately five hundred ninety nine thousand nine hundred fifty dollars ($599,950.00) USD to cover the costs associated with this advertisement for a period beginning 4 Dec 2023 and currently set to end 15 April 2024. In connection with this effort, i2i has paid the author of this advertisement, James Hyerczyk, three thousand five hundred ($3,500.00) USD in cash out of the total budget. The website hosting this advertisement, Edge on The Street, is owned by i2i. As a result of this advertisement, Edge on The Street may receive advertising revenue from new advertisers and collect email addresses from readers that it may be able to monetize. I2i will retain any excess sums after all expenses are paid. James Hyerczyk is solely responsible for the contents of this advertisement. As of the date this advertisement is posted to the Edge on The Street website, some or all of i2i, Edge On The Street, or James Hyerczyk, and any of their respective officers, principals, or affiliates (as defined in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Rule 501(b) promulgated there under) may hold the securities of TROYF’s and may sell those shares during the course of this advertising campaign. This advertisement may increase investor and market awareness, which may result in an increased number of shareholders owning and trading the securities of TROYF’s, increased trading volume, and possibly an increased share price of TROYF’s securities, which may or may not be temporary and decrease once the advertising campaign has ended. Per the BCSC mining guidelines and 43-101 standards of disclosure, TROYF is not relying on historical data for their property information and will publish drill results accordingly.

To more fully understand the Edge on The Street website or service, please review its full Disclaimer and Disclosure Policy.

* See our Important Notice and Disclaimer above for a detailed discussion on compensation, risks, atypical results, and more.

[1] https://investornews.com/critical-minerals-rare-earths/the-top-billionaires-are-now-chasing-the-critical-magnet-rare-earths-part-1-of-2/

[2] https://investornews.wpengine.com/critical-minerals-rare-earths/bezos-bloomberg-and-gates-look-to-greenlands-critical-minerals-for-a-greener-future/

[3] https://www.cfr.org/blog/will-chinas-reliance-taiwanese-chips-prevent-war

[4] https://www.nvidia.com/en-us/

[5] https://www.reuters.com/technology/nvidia-make-arm-based-pc-chips-major-new-challenge-intel-2023-10-23/#:~:text=Oct%2023%20(Reuters)%20%2D%20Nvidia,that%20would%20run%20Microsoft’s%20(MSFT.

[6] https://masterinvestor.co.uk/economics/the-microprocessor-and-rare-earth-metals-crunch-hits-home/

[7] https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-u-s-wants-a-rare-earths-supply-chain-heres-why-it-wont-come-easily-dfc3b632

[8] https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/14/canada-is-aiming-to-beat-china-in-the-critical-race-for-rare-earth-metals-.html

[9] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[10] https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/chinas-rare-earths-dominance-focus-after-mineral-export-curbs-2023-07-05/#:~:text=Mining%3A%20China%20accounted%20for%2070,Survey%20(USGS)%20data%20shows.

[11] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[12] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[13] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[14] https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-u-s-wants-a-rare-earths-supply-chain-heres-why-it-wont-come-easily-dfc3b632

[15] https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/14/canada-is-aiming-to-beat-china-in-the-critical-race-for-rare-earth-metals-.html

[16] https://www.rareelementresources.com/rare-earth-elements

[17] https://www.rareelementresources.com/rare-earth-elements

[18] https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/semiconductors/our-insights/the-semiconductor-decade-a-trillion-dollar-industry

[19] https://thehill.com/opinion/international/3854245-metals-are-the-new-oil-with-all-the-geopolitical-and-environmental-complications/#:~:text=For%20good%20or%20for%20ill,of%20metals%20are%20heating%20up.

[20] https://www.investors.com/news/taiwan-presidential-race-set-us-china-chip-war-nears-moment-of-truth-for-nvidia-apple-and-the-world/

[21] https://www.cfr.org/blog/will-chinas-reliance-taiwanese-chips-prevent-war

[22] https://www.investors.com/news/taiwan-presidential-race-set-us-china-chip-war-nears-moment-of-truth-for-nvidia-apple-and-the-world/

[23] https://www.investors.com/news/taiwan-presidential-race-set-us-china-chip-war-nears-moment-of-truth-for-nvidia-apple-and-the-world/

[24] https://www.nbcnews.com/news/china/xi-warned-biden-summit-beijing-will-reunify-taiwan-china-rcna130087

[25] https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/chinas-rare-earths-dominance-focus-after-mineral-export-curbs-2023-07-05/#:~:text=Mining%3A%20China%20accounted%20for%2070,Survey%20(USGS)%20data%20shows.

[26] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[27] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[28] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[29] https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2023/03/24/joint-statement-by-president-biden-and-prime-minister-trudeau/

[30] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[31] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[32] https://www.cnbc.com/2023/03/14/canada-is-aiming-to-beat-china-in-the-critical-race-for-rare-earth-metals-.html

[33] https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/media/dems/peters-romney-and-lankford-bipartisan-bill-to-reduce-dependence-on-china-and-other-adversarial-nations-for-critical-minerals-advances-in-the-senate/

[34] https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/chinas-rare-earths-dominance-focus-after-mineral-export-curbs-2023-07-05/#:~:text=Mining%3A%20China%20accounted%20for%2070,Survey%20(USGS)%20data%20shows.

[35] https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/semiconductor.asp

[36] https://www.hitachi-hightech.com/global/en/knowledge/semiconductor/room/about/life.html#:~:text=CPUs%20that%20operate%20personal%20computers,LED%20bulbs%20also%20use%20semiconductors.

[37] https://www.hitachi-hightech.com/global/en/knowledge/semiconductor/room/about/life.html#:~:text=CPUs%20that%20operate%20personal%20computers,LED%20bulbs%20also%20use%20semiconductors.

[38] https://www.hitachi-hightech.com/global/en/knowledge/semiconductor/room/about/life.html#:~:text=CPUs%20that%20operate%20personal%20computers,LED%20bulbs%20also%20use%20semiconductors.

[39] https://www.precedenceresearch.com/press-release/semiconductor-market

[40] https://www.investopedia.com/semiconductor-impact-on-the-stock-market-7367723#:~:text=As%20technology%20continues%20to%20advance,new%20and%20cutting%2Dedge%20products.

[41] https://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/internet-things.asp

[42] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1365145/artificial-intelligence-market-size/

[43] https://www.statista.com/statistics/1365145/artificial-intelligence-market-size/

[44] https://www.army.mil/article/227715/an_elemental_issue

[45] https://www.airforcemag.com/article/rare-earth-uncertainty/

[46] https://www.nrel.gov/news/program/2021/in-a-circular-economy-hard-drives-could-have-multiple-lives-in-the-future.html

[47] https://www.metaltechnews.com/story/2020/04/29/tech-metals/rare-earth-metals-see-new-medical-uses/217.html

[48] https://www.bcg.com/publications/2023/five-steps-for-solving-the-rare-earth-metals-shortage#:~:text=These%20minerals%20will%20therefore%20be,of%20rare%20earths%20is%20impending.

[49] https://www.bcg.com/publications/2023/five-steps-for-solving-the-rare-earth-metals-shortage#:~:text=These%20minerals%20will%20therefore%20be,of%20rare%20earths%20is%20impending.

[50] https://troyminerals.com/

[51] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[52] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

[53] https://troyminerals.com/#!/projects

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[55] https://troyminerals.com/#!/about

[56] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/News-Release-Lac-Jacques-_October-30-2023_tv_oct-19_WJC-Oct-20.pdf

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[65] https://www.upsbatterycenter.com/blog/vanadium-is-the-worlds-most-important-metal/

[66] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[67] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[68] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[69] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[70] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[71] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[72] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[73] https://geology.com/articles/titanium/

[74] https://geology.com/articles/titanium/

[75] https://www.factmr.com/report/titanium-market

[76] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[77] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[78] https://troyminerals.com/#!/projects

[79] https://investornews.com/critical-minerals-rare-earths/the-top-billionaires-are-now-chasing-the-critical-magnet-rare-earths-part-1-of-2/

[80] https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2023/03/24/joint-statement-by-president-biden-and-prime-minister-trudeau/

[81] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[82] https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/12/14/rare-earth-mines-00071102

[83] https://www.reuters.com/technology/nvidia-make-arm-based-pc-chips-major-new-challenge-intel-2023-10-23/#:~:text=Oct%2023%20(Reuters)%20%2D%20Nvidia,that%20would%20run%20Microsoft’s%20(MSFT.

[84] https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/critical-minerals-biden-trudeau-1.6790933

[85] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[86] https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Troy-NR_August-30-2023_Final.pdf

[87] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

[88] http://metalpedia.asianmetal.com/metal/titanium/application.shtml#:~:text=The%20aerospace%20industry%20is%20the,ratio%20and%20high%20temperature%20properties.

[89] https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3064/pdf/fs2014-3064.pdf

[90] https://ipa-news.de/index/platinum-group-metals/

[91] chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://troyminerals.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/12/TROY_MINERALS_INVESTOR_DECK_DECEMBER.pdf

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